The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2020
and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets
The tenth meeting of the conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP10) was held in Nagoya City, Aichi in October 2010 and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, which stipulates the course of action that the international community should take over that next 10 years, was adopted. This plan also stipulated that its overall vision of achieving a world of "Living in Harmony with Nature" shall be achieved by 2050.
In addition, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets (20 individual targets with the target year set at 2015 or 2020) were set as targets for specific actions for achieving the mission.
The Aichi Targets were set under five strategic goals. They provide the actions to be taken by considering the issue of biodiversity as a social issue that needs to be understood from a socio-economic standpoint including the utilization of benefits of nature and factors which harm ecosystems, rather than purely from the natural science point of view.
Also, the Aichi Targets are linked to the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which consist of 17 individual goals. The Aichi Targets are connected not only to Goal 15, which includes halting the biodiversity loss, but also all of the Goals since conservation of biodiversity is essential to sustainable development.